The gallery stretcher is hung on a wall without a frame in the form of a poster. Gallery stretch - a kind of frameless decoration of reproductions on canvas. The canvas painting is pulled onto a stretcher, and not fixed on the side, as is customary, but at the back. On the sides, either part of the image or a specially printed background fill with color in the tone of the picture usually falls (it is better to clarify wishes by phone). The canvas wraps neatly in the corners and looks great without a frame.
Select a regular subframe for frame selection.
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Sometimes you want to give your flower garden a little grace and mystery. And plants with silvery leaves will help you with this. They can be used both as a background and bright accents, and to fill free space.
Juicy and rich colors of flower beds add light even on the most cloudy and rainy day. And yet, you should not overdo it with catchy colors. Excessive diversity can play a cruel joke on you, when unique and incredibly beautiful flowers begin to get lost against each other. Use bright colors selectively, shading them with softer tones such as gray and silver.
What are the benefits of silver leaf plants?
Plants with silvery leaves look elegant and noble, retaining their decorative effect throughout the season. The silvery color of the leaves protects them from the bright sun and helps to retain moisture. The surface of the plants is covered with thin, barely discernible light hairs that reflect some of the light. The result is less heating and therefore less water loss. This is why plants with silvery leaves can grow in poor, dry soils.
Silver leaves create dramatic contrast
Very often they are used in mixborders, as well as in the design of alpine slides and rockeries. Plants with silvery leaves look great as a backdrop for white, purple, blue and blue flowers.
More recently, at the mention of this plant, the owners of garden and garden plots sternly pursed their lips and angrily reduced their eyebrows to the bridge of the nose, because not everyone knows about non-weedy types of wormwood. Some of the varieties of this plant are very decorative and are often used in landscape design.
1 - Pursha wormwood, 2 - Steller's wormwood, 3 - Louis wormwood, 4 - Schmidt wormwood
Wormwood Pursha... Actively growing species with long pointed leaves. The height of Pursha wormwood can reach 60 cm, however, if you wish, you can always remove extra centimeters, because this plant tolerates pruning very well.
Steller's wormwood... Its decorative effect is expressed not only by its silvery color, but also by the delicate shape of the leaves. Comparatively low (20-30 cm) open shoots grow rapidly and lodge over time. Unlike most types of wormwood, it does not have a rich aroma. An excellent option for those who do not like wormwood because of its specific smell.
Wormwood Louis... This species can be called tall because under favorable conditions, its compact bushes can grow up to 60-80 cm. This makes it possible to use Louis's wormwood to decorate the background. It lends itself well to shaping, however, it has a pronounced wormwood aroma and therefore is not suitable for everyone.
Wormwood Schmidt... A compact plant with a height of 20-30 cm forms dense spherical bushes. The leaves of Schmidt's wormwood are composed of many filamentous lobes, which makes them even more graceful.
For soft, fleecy leaves, this plant is sometimes called a sheep's or hare's ear. At the beginning of spring, the chisel usually loses its decorative effect and may look somewhat untidy, but after a while, when the plant gets stronger and recovers after winter, it will again begin to delight the eye with its graceful silver outfit. The purist is quite undemanding to the soil, it tolerates both drought and slight shading equally well, which allows it to be used not only in rockeries and alpine hills, but also in compositions with trees and shrubs. The main thing is that the shade from the nearest plantings is not too thick, and the neighboring plants are not too demanding on nutrition. Please note that too fertile soil and a lack of light can negatively affect the color. Although the plant will not die, it will lose its silvery hue, and with it all its charm.
This plant boasts not only fancy leaf color, but also unusually graceful racemose inflorescences. Small blue flowers bloom in July and bloom throughout the month, but the decorative leaves retain their beauty until the very frost. Veronica is unpretentious in care, grows in open sunny areas, prefers loose and well-drained soils, and at the same time does not tolerate waterlogging at all.
Edelweiss can hardly be called bright. Therefore, if you plant it among large flowers, for example, gladioli or phlox, it will be lost. The natural habitat of edelweiss is mountains and steep slopes, so this plant looks most harmonious in rockeries and rock gardens. If you want to use it in some other compositions, add a little crushed stone or coarse sand to the soil, because edelweiss prefers dry calcareous soils and does not tolerate stagnant water at all. An overly nutritious soil will do more harm than good to this plant.
The delicate leaves of this incredibly persistent summer garden will adorn any flower garden. The vitality and unpretentiousness of the plant make it possible to use it even in city flower gardens. The yellow inflorescences of seaside cineraria look rather inconspicuous, therefore, they are most often removed so that they do not spoil the decorativeness of the flower bed. This summer is not very picky about soils, but prefers slightly acidic and crumbly light soils. In this case, in no case should you forget about lighting, because it is thanks to the bright sunlight that the leaves of the plant get their unique silvery hue.
A distinctive feature of dichondra is long (up to one and a half meters) curly stems, which allow it to be used not only as an ampelous plant, but also as a ground cover plant. Prefers loams with good drainage and pH 6.6-8.0. Despite the fact that dichondra does not tolerate stagnant moisture, it still needs regular watering, especially in hot and dry weather.
This shrub with an elegant spreading crown can be a decoration for any garden. The elder brother of the sea buckthorn, the silvery elk, differs from its closest relative by a longer life span and a dark brown fruit color. It is not as drought-resistant as the narrow-leaved oak, which makes it not the best option for planting in direct sunlight, but it tolerates short-term flooding well. Most often, silver elk is grown as a shrub, however, if you wish, you can form a stem and grow it in the form of a small tree.
What to combine plants with silvery leaves?
While silver leafed plants look self-sufficient on their own, over time, this decor can seem monotonous. The first thing to remember when choosing neighbors for the "gray cardinals" of your garden is that most of them love the sun and poor soil.
From a decorative point of view, the hardest time for silver leaf plants is spring. Yellow or white crocuses, Caucasian rezuha and lumbago will help to revive the flower garden. A little later, you can dilute the palette of the flower garden with bright leaves of multi-colored milkweed. Kermek Tatar, penstemons and Ruysh's snakehead will become a worthy frame for your flower beds already in the summer.
Plants with silvery leaves will dilute the excessive variegation and add harmony to the composition. However, it is not at all necessary to use them only as a spectacular frame. If you wish, you can arrange a separate composition or a whole "silver corner".
The main diseases of ornamental conifers
The tips of the needles begin to turn yellow for a variety of reasons. In the spring, burns occur from the bright sun, and bronze appears. Common infections include fungal infections. Rust more often appears on pine, juniper is affected. From the swelling that occurs on the branches, the spores are transferred to currants and pears. Fusarium, cytosporosis, phomosis are considered dangerous diseases. Thuja suffers from them. Defects appear on the bark, branches. The needles darken and fall off.
Old, unkempt trees are susceptible to diseases. There are breeds of conifers that are resistant to fungal diseases. But they are not immune from attack by caterpillars. There is only one conclusion: they brought evergreen forest curiosities on the site, study ways to combat infections and pests.
Non-communicable coniferous diseases and remedial measures
Burn. Solar radiation is especially dangerous for young trees. The snow cover reflects the rays, enhances the evaporation of moisture. Roots in frozen ground cannot compensate for the loss. Sap flow begins when the soil warms up to + 4 ° C, until this temperature the roots sleep. Young conifers planted in the fall can die from burns. I lost a young pine tree, we did not shelter for the winter. I noticed that glare from greenhouses, windows of houses, shiny roofs act like mirrors. If brown or yellowish spots appear on the crown, you need to look for where the bright light comes from.
Spring sun protection measures:
- Spraying helps young trees - the branches are abundantly moistened with a spray bottle or garden sprayer.
- You can throw sacking or covering material on small trees in the spring or in the fall. It will protect you from the scorching sun and drying wind.
- Scattering black earth or ash on the snow, they "start" the process of snow melting, the roots begin to absorb moisture.
When planting trees, it is important to maintain the integrity of the root earthen coma. When seedlings are purchased in pots, they take root better. Pine trees are more resistant to transplanting, their needles grow after rooting. The most capricious is the forest spruce. She is usually sick for a long time, it is advisable to shade her in the spring during the first three years. From junipers I advise varieties "Skyrocket", "Blualps" (Cossack).
Other causes of yellowing of needles:
- Mechanical injuries to trees occur due to snow load, damage by animals.
- An undeveloped root system is characteristic of weakened seedlings, it is better to immediately choose a worthy planting material.
- With strong return frosts with active melting of snow, the bark cracks, it must be checked, the cracks must be covered with pitch.
- In flooded places, stagnant water provokes the development of root rot, changes the acidity of the soil.
The resistance of conifers to non-infectious lesions is increased by bioactive drugs:
- Kornevin (stimulates the growth of the root system)
- Super humisol is a balanced mixture of trace elements and minerals,
- Zircon is a complex drug,
- Siliplant is a silicon-containing chelated micronutrient fertilizer.
Timely feeding strengthens the immunity of plants well, they are less susceptible to burns, they grow faster in spring.
Infectious diseases of coniferous plants: prevention and treatment
Fungal diseases in all crops are treated in about the same way; in the preventive treatment of fruit and vegetable crops, we must treat the conifers with Bordeaux liquid. If the plant is still sick, they resort to purchased drugs. It is important to correctly establish the cause of the defeat in order to determine which remedy to purchase.
I'll start with the Schütte winter illness, the fungus develops under the snow, when it is about 0 ° C. Symptoms appear in spring or summer. According to the description, the disease is not similar to other fungal infections, it appears on pins and needles:
- gray-black bloom,
- small dots.
The needles darken or turn yellow, fall off.
- sulfur-lime broth - 3 times over the summer,
- two treatments will be enough with "Abiga-Peak" and "HOM" preparations.
Be sure to shed the soil to a depth of 5 cm.
Rust is similar to fruit tree lesions. Traditional methods of treatment: fungicides and medicinal preparations.
Pine twirl is manifested by the curvature of the growth. Yellow-orange swellings appear. For treatment, you will need Fundazol, two treatments are enough.
Fusarium develops in the soil at the roots of pines, spruces, larch, fir, when it is too damp. The central part of the crown falls off.
Drainage is carried out, the use of "Fitosporin", "Alirin" will help revive the trees, they will turn green again if the branches do not have time to dry out completely.
Alternaria is terrible for junipers, thujas growing in the shade. Blackish, dark gray spots spread along the needles. The affected branches are removed. For the treatment of conifers, formulations with copper sulfate or an infusion of celandine are used. The fungus must be suppressed until late autumn.
Bacteriosis is characterized by pallor of the needles, it begins to crumble from a light touch. This disease cannot be cured. For prophylaxis, treatment with "Fitosporin" is carried out.
Biotorella cancer is dangerous because it infects wood. When an infection hits, the color of the young bark changes, it becomes brown, then cracks, dies off. Long, elongated ulcers are formed, they are covered with resinous fungal growths.
Gradually, the tree dies, the needles turn yellow, crumble. The treatment requires a triple treatment at intervals of 2 weeks. It is important to wet the soil well with preparations.
Ephedra pests prevention and control methods
It is advisable to help the trees in early spring, as soon as the snow melts, during the day the air temperature will rise to +6 ° C. If processing is carried out in the fall, then you cannot get rid of pests and diseases, insects prepare for hibernation, climb into secluded corners. I dilute the preparations according to the instructions; when working, I must use protective equipment.
Now about the insects that you have to fight with, and how to do the treatment:
Fir, cedar and common pine, spruce, larch are sometimes infected with rapidly multiplying hermes, it is also called pine aphid. The definition of the pest is simplified by the appearance of a white bloom.
Sucking insects with transparent wings grow up to 2.5 mm, their color is green, dark brown, black and gray. Hermes suck juices from young shoots with small antennae.
The best remedy for Hermes is the universal remedy Pinocid against pests, the instructions indicate the dosage of the remedy for different types of insects.
Bark beetles come from the forest, if the site is far from the forest, you should not be afraid of the invasion of bark beetles. Beetles lay eggs under the bark, gnaw through tunnels for this. Dark larvae reach 15 mm in length, continue the work of their parents, and dig new shelters for themselves.
After wintering, the larvae and beetles crawl out, it's time to poison them. It is recommended to use modern intestinal insecticides.
Sawflies red, ordinary are terrible for pines. Outwardly, insects resemble bees, only smaller in size. Clutches are made in the bark. Caterpillars are light green poorly distinguishable in young needles. When dried branches appear, they are treated with drugs:
- Spark Double Effect (the most effective remedy),
- Spark Gold (recommended for cedar firs),
- Senpai is a versatile insecticide
- Alatar is a complex action drug.
The caterpillars of the green sawfly have never appeared in our garden, they harm the juniper. These are small caterpillars with contrasting stripes and a brown head. They hibernate in the depressions of the bark, in the nodes of branches, under the layer of needles. All parts of the plants have to be processed, the soil is shed well. It is better to rake the needles completely and fill in mulch instead.
False shields prefer juniper, thuja, yew. These are insects with a hard shell. In females it is rounded, in males it is elongated. Larvae with legs are especially dangerous. They quickly spread over the crown. The acaricides "Fufanon" or "Iskra-M" are effective against them.
A spider mite wraps around the tops instantly, such a picture is often the case. Microscopic insects are especially active on hot rainy days. I use Actellik, Fufano against ticks, Karbofos.
Pine silkworm - larvae of variegated butterflies with a wingspan of 7–8 cm. Caterpillars appear in early spring; by the end of June, pupae can already be seen in the middle lane. The larvae gnaw the bark on young shoots, the branches dry out. Early treatments with Bordeaux liquid will help preserve the ephedra.
Evergreen trees have other misfortunes, but they are characteristic of warmer growing regions.