Bird Families

Fork-tailed Lofura / Lophura erythrophthalma


Subfamily Pheasant - 16 genera 53 species

Genus Argusianus - argus (2 species)

Giant Argus (Argus giganteus)

Two-point argus (Argusianus bipunctatus)

Genus Rheinardia - crested argus (1 species)

Argus crested (Rheinartia ocellata)

Genus Catreus - Himalayan pheasants (1 species)

Himalayan pheasant (Catreus wallichii)

Genus Chrysolophus - collared pheasants (2 species)

Golden pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus)

Diamond pheasant (Chrysolophus amherstiae)

Genus Crossoptilon - eared pheasants (4 species)

White eared pheasant (Crossoptilon crossoptilon)

Tibetan eared pheasant (Crossoptilon harmani)

Brown eared pheasant (Crossoptilon mantchuricum)

Blue eared pheasant (Crossoptilon auritum)

Genus Ithaginis - Itagins (1 species)

Itagin (Ithaginis cruentus)

Genus Phasianus - pheasants (2 species)

Common pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

Green pheasant (Phasianus versicolor)

Genus Pucrasia - coclases (1 species)

Coclace (Pucrasia macrolopha)

Genus Syrmaticus - variegated pheasants (5 species)

Reeves' Spotted Pheasant (Syrmaticus reevesii)

Bronze Spotted Pheasant (Syrmaticus soemmerringii)

Taiwan Spotted Pheasant (Syrmaticus mikado)

Elliot's Spotted Pheasant (Syrmaticus ellioti)

Yuma's Spotted Pheasant (Syrmaticus humiae)

Genus Polyplectron - peacock pheasants (8 species)

Palawan Peacock Pheasant (Polyplectron napoleonis)

Malay peacock pheasant (Polyplectron malacense)

Bornean peacock pheasant (Polyplectron schleiermacheri)

Hermann's peacock pheasant (Polyplectron germaini)

Gray peacock pheasant (Polyplectron bicalcaratum)

Hainan peacock pheasant (Polyplectron katsumatae)

Bronze-tailed peacock pheasant (Polyplectron chalcurum)

Mountain peacock pheasant (Polyplectron inopinatum)

Genus Lophura - Lofura (10 species)

Lophura bulweri

Sumatran Lofura (Lophura inornata)

Siamese lofura (Lophura diardi)

Lophura Edwardsi

Fork-tailed lofura (Lophura erythrophthalma)

Vietnamese lofura (Lophura hatinhensis)

Fire-backed lofura (Lophura ignita)

Black lofura (Lophura leucomelanos)

Silver lofura (Lophura nycthemera)

Svainova lofura (Lophura swinhoii)

Genus Lophophorus - monals (3 species)

Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus impejanus)

White-tailed monal (Lophophorus sclateri)

Chinese monal (Lophophorus lhuysii)

Genus Tragopan - tragopans (5 species)

Western tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus)

Tragopan satyra

Tragopan temminckii

Tragopan blythii

Tragopan caboti

Genus Gallus - jungle chickens (4 species)

Banking Jungle Chicken (Gallus gallus)

Gray Jungle Chicken (Gallus sonneratii)

Ceylon Jungle Chicken (Gallus lafayettei)

Green jungle chicken (Gallus varius)

Genus Pavo - peacocks (2 species)

Common peacock (Pavo cristatus)

Green peacock (Pavo muticus)

Genus Afropavo - African peacocks (1 species)


A common feature for all species of lofur is the lower back of males painted more or less reddish. In this case, the color can vary from an almost orange-reddish hue to a very dark copper color (in Edwards' lofura). In all males of lofur, spurs and unusually large cavernous bodies on the face are clearly visible. They can be colored, depending on the type, either red or blue. In bulwer lofura (Lophura bulweri), these cavernous bodies are extremely enlarged and during the current can reach the ground. Female lofur also have relatively large cavernous bodies that are comparable in size to the cavernous bodies of male pheasants (Phasianus). All lofur species have pronounced sexual dimorphism. Females are dominated by brown plumage colors. In males, plumage from dark blue to black prevails, they often have prominent tufts on their heads, and tail feathers, as a rule, are painted yellow or white.


The Lofur diet consists equally of plant and animal foods. The animal feed is greater than that of species from a temperate climate.


Lofurs are polygamous in most cases, only hens incubate clutches with eggs and feed chicks. The only exception is the Sumatran lofura (Lophura inornata), which is a monogamous species.

The incubation period for Sumatran lofura is 24-25 days, for other species it is approximately 29 days.

Clutch consists of 4-6 eggs on average. Only clutch of Sumatran Lofura consists of only 2 eggs. While in all other species only females are responsible for incubation and brooding, female Sumatran Lofura incubates the clutch themselves, however, both parents feed the offspring. In addition, the Sumatran Lofur is the only species of the Lofur genus that nests in elevated places, while all other species nest on the ground.