Bird Families

Stone blue thrush

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Small and medium sized birds. The beak is straight. The legs are quite long. The body is usually somewhat elongated. There are 53 species in the USSR.

310. Erithacus rubecula - Erithacus rubecula

310. Erithacus rubecula.


310. Erithacus rubecula - Erithacus rubecula

Slightly smaller than a sparrow. The plumage of the upper part of the body is olive-gray, the belly is white, the throat and chest are orange. Migrant. Inhabits the forest and forest-steppe zones of the European part of the USSR and Western Siberia. Nest is built on the ground, less often in half-hollow. In clutch there are 5-6 pinkish eggs with brown specks. The voice is a sharp tick-tick-tick and a loud song.

In nature, it is identified by the orange throat and chest.

311. Nightingale - Luscinia luscinia

311. Nightingale - Luscinia luscinia.


311. Nightingale - Luscinia luscinia

Slightly larger than a sparrow. The dorsal side is brownish-brown, the ventral side is whitish-gray.

Migrant. Inhabits undergrowth in forests, floodplain plantations, gardens and parks in the European part of the USSR and Western Siberia. Nest is built on the ground. Clutch contains 4-6 olive-brown eggs. The voice is a low whistle and a sonorous varied song.

In the field, it differs little from the southern nightingale, which is slightly larger and lighter in color.

312. Red-necked Nightingale - Calliope calliope

312. Red-necked nightingale - Calliope calliope.


312. Red-necked Nightingale - Calliope calliope

The size of a sparrow. The dorsal side is olive-gray, on the throat there is a triangular red spot, the abdomen is whitish.

Migrant. Inhabits undergrowth and floodplain thickets in the taiga from the Urals to the Koryak Upland. Nest is built on the ground. There are 4-6 blue eggs in a clutch. The voice is a loud whistle and a sonorous whistling song. It differs from the black-breasted ruby-neck in the absence of black color on the chest of males.

313. Blue Nightingale - Larvivora cyane

313. Blue Nightingale - Larvivora cyane.


313. Blue Nightingale - Larvivora cyane

Somewhat smaller than a sparrow. The dorsal side, including the tail, is slate blue, the ventral side is white. The forehead and stripe from the beak through the eye are black.

Migrant. Inhabits thickets of bushes along taiga rivers in Southern Siberia and the Far East. Nest is built on the ground. There are 4-6 blue eggs in a clutch. The voice is a rough chock-chock and a whistling song. It differs from other nightingales in the blue plumage of the back and white sides.

314. Bluethroat - Cyanosylvia svecica

314. Bluethroat - Cyanosylvia svecica.


314. Bluethroat - Cyanosylvia svecica

Slightly smaller than a sparrow. The dorsal side is brown, the upper tail and tail are red. The throat and chest are blue, bordered below by red and blackish stripes, in the middle of the goiter there is a reddish or white spot, the abdomen is white. Females and juveniles have only a blue "necklace" bordering a whitish or reddish throat.

Migrant. Widely, but very unevenly distributed throughout the country from shrub tundra to mountains on the southern outskirts. Nest is built on the ground. In clutch there are 4-7 gray-green eggs with brown specks. Voice - the cry "chak-chak" and the song - trills and imitation of the voices of other birds. It is quite easily identified by a blue spot on the chest.

315. Bluetail - Tarsiger cyanurus

315. Bluetail - Tarsiger cyanurus.


315. Bluetail - Tarsiger cyanurus

The size of a sparrow. The dorsal side is gray-blue, above the eye there is a white eyebrow, the middle of the throat and abdomen are white, the sides are bright red.

Migrant. Inhabits the taiga from the Kola Peninsula to Kamchatka. The nest is arranged in a half-hollow or on the ground. There are 5-7 white eggs in a clutch. The voice is a whistle call and a song.

When determining, pay attention to the bright red sides.

316. Black Redstart - Phoenicurus ochruros

316. Black Redstart - Phoenicurus ochruros.


316. Black Redstart - Phoenicurus ochruros

Slightly smaller than a sparrow. The top of the head and back are ash gray. The forehead, sides of the head, throat and chest are black, the belly and tail are red. The female is brown-gray, with a red tail. Migratory bird. Inhabits stone buildings in human settlements and mountainous landscape in the west of the European part of the USSR. Nest in crevices and crevices of buildings or rocks. There are 4-6 pale bluish eggs in a clutch. The voice is a loud cry and a short song. The male differs from the common redstart in the black coloration of the chest.

Blue stone thrush (Monticola solitarius)

Message Gularis ยป04 Jan 2017, 16:58

Blue stonebird (Monticola solitarius)

Appearance
In blue stone thrushes, sexual dimorphism is expressed and both sexes are easily distinguished from each other. The males have black-blue plumage (the male of the Far Eastern form has a red-brown belly and undertail), and the females are gray-black with light spots. With a size of 20 cm, they are somewhat smaller than ordinary starlings. Differs in a rather shy behavior.

Spread
This species often lives in mountain valleys framed by rocky walls up to 3000 m, on rocky sea coasts, in the ruins of ancient structures and partly in human settlements. The area in Europe covers the Iberian Peninsula and some countries of the Mediterranean basin, such as Italy. In the island state of Malta, the blue stone thrush is considered a national symbol.
In Russia, it is found in the eastern part of the North Caucasus, in Primorye and in the south of Sakhalin.

Singing
The loud singing of the blue stonebird sounds melodic and melancholy. It is especially noticeable when other birds fall silent in the evenings or during the rain. From time to time, coarser sounds appear in the singing of the blue stone thrush. As a rule, this bird begins to sing while sitting on the top of a stone, but it happens that it also sings during a shaving flight with a spread tail, which ends with a dive downward.

Food
The blue stonebird refers to hunters who wait for their prey. He sits in an elevated place and waits for the prey to come into his field of vision. His food consists mainly of insects and, from time to time, berries, which he picks directly from the ground or pecks from plants. This bird often lives near water bodies, as it drinks a lot and bathes in water every day.

Reproduction
Each pair adheres to the same nesting site all their lives, which can be located in a crevice of a rock or a small cave. The blue stone thrush, which is a migratory bird, settles in it at the end of March and leaves in September. The nest is built from hard materials, but the lining is soft. In May, the female lays four to five blue eggs with red blotches, which incubate for 12-13 days. After hatching, the chicks spend about 18 days in the nest, after which they acquire the ability to fly in June. For some time they accompany their parents on their flights, then they begin an independent life. The plumage typical of this species appears in males only in the second or third year of life.
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317. Redstart-Coot - Phoenicurus phoenicurus

317. Redstart-coot - Phoenicurus phoenicurus.


317. Redstart-Coot - Phoenicurus phoenicurus

Slightly smaller than a sparrow. The forehead is white, the crown, nape and back are bluish-gray, the chest and abdomen are rufous, the sides of the head and throat are black. The female has a red tail, the abdomen is whitish, the rest of the plumage is brownish-gray. Migrant. Inhabits light forests, parks, gardens in the European part of the USSR and Siberia east to Lake Baikal. Builds a nest in a hollow. There are 5-7 blue eggs in a clutch. The voice is a cry and a ringing song.

When determining, you must pay attention to the white forehead.

318. Meadow Mint - Saxicola rubetra

318. Meadow minting - Saxicola rubetra.


318. Meadow Mint - Saxicola rubetra

Slightly smaller than a sparrow. The dorsal side is grayish-buffy with black longitudinal stripes, the throat and craw are rusty, the chest and abdomen are whitish, the base of the tail, the eyebrow and the stripe on the wing are white. Migrant. Inhabits meadows in the European part of the USSR, the Caucasus and Siberia eastward to the Yenisei. Nest is built on the ground. In clutch there are 5-6 greenish-blue eggs with rusty specks. The voice is a loud call and a chirping song.

When determining, it is necessary to pay attention to light eyebrows above the eyes.

319. Black-headed coin - Saxicola torquata

319. Black-headed coin - Saxicola torquata.


319. Black-headed coin - Saxicola torquata

Slightly smaller than a sparrow. The dorsal side, head, throat, wings and tail are black, the chest is rusty-red, the abdomen, the stripe on the shoulders, the upper tail and the base of the tail are white. The dorsal plumage is grayish-buffy, with a rusty band on the chest.

Migrant. Inhabits meadows in the south of the European part of the USSR and Siberia from the Urals to Sakhalin. Nest is built on the ground. Clutch contains 5-6 greenish-blue eggs. The voice is a ringing "tzit-check-check" and a chirping song.

It differs from meadow embossing in the black color of the head.

320. Black coin - Saxicola caprata

320.Black coin - Saxicola caprata.


320. Black coin - Saxicola caprata

Much smaller than a sparrow. The plumage is mostly black, and the abdomen, upper tail and stripe on the wings are white. Females are brown. Migrant. Inhabits the plains of Central Asia. Nest is built on the ground. Clutch contains 3-5 bluish-green eggs. Voice - "check-check" and a simple song. It is quite easily identified by its characteristic appearance.

321. Dancer Wheater - Oenanthe isabellina

321. Dancer Wheater - Oenanthe isabellina.


321. Dancer Wheater - Oenanthe isabellina

The size of a sparrow. The plumage is clay-gray. Uppertail and spots on the sides of the dark tail are white. A dark streak passes through the eye.

Migrant. Inhabits dry steppes from the Azov region to Eastern Transbaikalia. Nest is built in holes and crevices between stones. Clutch contains 4-6 light blue eggs. Voice - loud "check-check".

It is rather difficult to determine in the field.

322. Kamenka - Oenanthe oenanthe

322. Kamenka - Oenanthe oenanthe.


322. Kamenka - Oenanthe oenanthe

The size of a sparrow. The dorsal side is ash gray. The wings, tail and stripe across the eye to the ear are black. The belly is buffy-white.

Migrant. It is widespread throughout the USSR; it is absent only in areas of continuous forests. Builds a nest in a shelter. Clutch contains 5-6 light blue eggs. Voice - "check-check" and a varied song.

In nature, it is quite easy to determine by characteristic behavior. The male differs from other wheatens by the gray coloration of the back.

323. Desert Stove - Oenanthe deserti

323. Desert Kamenka - Oenanthe deserti.


323. Desert Stove - Oenanthe deserti

The size of a sparrow. The dorsal side is sandy-buffy, the throat, the sides of the head and neck, the wings and tail are black, the abdomen, the upper tail and the base of the tail are white. Migrant. Inhabits flat sandy or gravelly deserts of South Kazakhstan and Central Asia. Builds a nest in a shelter. There are 4-6 blue eggs in a clutch. The voice is a sharp "check-check" and a song of various sounds.

The male differs from other wheatens in the ocher color of the back.

324. Black-footed Stove - Oenanthe hispanica

324. Black-footed wheaten - Oenanthe hispanica.


324. Black-footed Stove - Oenanthe hispanica

The size of a sparrow. The dorsal side is white, the coloration of the throat and sides of the head varies greatly, being black or white. The chest, abdomen and undertail are white.

Migrant. Inhabits dry rocky hillsides of Dagestan and Transcaucasia. The nest, the masonry and the voice are the same as for other heaters.

In the field, a male black-spotted wheatear is indistinguishable from a male bald-headed wheatear.

The female has a brownish coloration.

325. Pleshanka - Oenanthe pleschanka

325. Pleshanka - Oenanthe pleschanka.


325. Pleshanka - Oenanthe pleschanka

The size of a sparrow. The color is very similar to the black-footed stove. Migrant. Inhabits dry steppes from the northwestern coast of the Black Sea to Lake Baikal. The nest, the masonry and the voice are the same as for other heaters.

In the field, the male is indistinguishable from the male black-footed wheatear.

326. Tugai Nightingale - Erythropygia gulactotes

326. Tugai Nightingale - Erythropygia gulactotes


326. Tugai Nightingale - Erythropygia gulactotes

Slightly larger than a sparrow. The dorsal side is brownish-sandy, the ventral side is whitish, above the eye is a whitish eyebrow. Migrant. Inhabits bush thickets in Transcaucasia and Central Asia. Nest is built on bush or ground. Clutch contains 3-5 greenish-blue eggs with brown spots. The voice is a sharp squeak and a sonorous song. Unlike the southern nightingale, there are red, black and white stripes at the end of the tail.

327. Spotted Rock Thrush - Monticola saxatilis

327. Spotted stone thrush - Monticola saxatilis.


327. Spotted Rock Thrush - Monticola saxatilis

The size of a starling. The head and upper back are bluish, the lower back is white, the chest, sides and abdomen are rufous. Migrant. Inhabits treeless mountains and rocks from Western Ukraine in the south of the country to Lake Baikal. Builds a nest among the stones. Clutch contains 4-6 bluish-green eggs. The voice is a harsh "chak-chak" and a varied song.

It differs from the blue stone thrush in its red helmsmen.

328. Blue Rock Thrush - Monticola solitarius

328. Blue stone thrush - Monticola solitarius.


328. Blue Rock Thrush - Monticola solitarius

The size of a starling. The head, neck and back are grayish-blue, the belly is chestnut-red, the tail is brown.

Migrant. Inhabits mountain slopes in Transcaucasia and Central Asia. The nest is placed between stones. Clutch contains 4-6 bluish-greenish eggs. Voice - "check-check" and a loud song.

It differs from the variegated stone thrush in its dark tail.

329. Bluebird - Myophonus caeruleus

329. Bluebird - Myophonus caeruleus.


329. Bluebird - Myophonus caeruleus

Slightly smaller than a dove. The plumage is dark blue.

Wandering bird. Inhabits the shores of mountain streams in the mountains of Central Asia and South Kazakhstan. The nest is arranged on a rock. There are 4-5 bluish-white eggs in a clutch. The voice is a harsh "daezhzhi" and a loud whistling song.

It is determined mainly by the characteristic color.

330. Siberian Thrush - Cichloselys sibiricus

330. Siberian thrush - Cichloselys sibiricus.


330. Siberian Thrush - Cichloselys sibiricus

Starling-sized. The plumage is black-gray. The belly and eyebrow above the eye are white. Migrant. Inhabits dark coniferous taiga from Yenisei to Sakhalin. Nest is built on a tree or bush. In clutch there are 4-6 bluish eggs with spots. The voice is a crackling and chirping song.

It is quite easily identified by its characteristic color.

331. Spotted Thrush - Oreocincla dauma

331. Spotted thrush - Oreocincla dauma.


331. Spotted Thrush - Oreocincla dauma

It is noticeably larger than a starling. The dorsal side is golden-olive with wide transverse dark streaks. The ventral side is white with large dark streaks.

Migrant. Inhabits the taiga from the Urals to the Amur. Nest is built on tree or ground. In a clutch there are 4-5 pale olive-stained eggs. The voice is a dull horr-horr and song.

It differs well from other thrushes in its golden-motley back.

332. Blackbird - Turdus merula

332. Blackbird - Turdus merula.


332. Blackbird - Turdus merula

Slightly larger than a starling. The plumage is black. The beak and the ring around the eye are orange-yellow.

Migrant. Inhabits light forests, gardens and parks in the European part of the USSR and mountains in the south of the country to the east up to Dzhungarskiy Alatau. Nest is built on tree, bush or ground. In clutch there are 4-7 bluish-green eggs with brown spots. The voice is a loud scream and flute song.

Determined mainly by the characteristic color.

333. White-throated Thrush - Turdus torquatus

333. White-throated thrush - Turdus torquatus.


333. White-throated Thrush - Turdus torquatus

Slightly larger than a starling. The plumage is dull black, with a large semicircular white spot on the crop.

Migrant. Inhabits the crooked forest belt in the Carpathians, the Caucasus and the mountains of Western Turkmenistan, as well as in the north of the Kola Peninsula. Nest is built on the ground, bush or tree. The clutch contains 4-5 bluish-green eggs with rusty spots. The voice is a harsh cry and a melodic song. It is determined by a white spot on the goiter.

334. Red Thrush - Turdus naumanni

334. Red Thrush - Turdus naumanni.


334. Red Thrush - Turdus naumanni

Slightly larger than a starling. The coloration is twofold. In birds of the northern form, the top of the head, back, upper tail, tail, sides of the head and craw are dark, with an admixture of red, the wings are rusty-brown. Birds of the southern form do not have black color. The eyebrow, throat and abdomen are white. The dorsal side, wings and tail are gray. The throat, cheeks, goiter, sides and undertail are rusty with whitish transverse streaks, the abdomen is white.

Migrant. Inhabits forest-tundra and taiga from the Taz River to Kamchatka. Nest is built on stumps or bushes. In clutch there are 4-5 bluish-green eggs with brown specks. The voice is a harsh "chak-chak" and melodic song.

In the field, the red sides of the body and the undertail are especially noticeable.

335. Black-throated Thrush - Turdus ruficollis

335. Black-throated Thrush -Turdus ruficollis.


335. Black-throated Thrush - Turdus ruficollis

Slightly larger than a starling. The back is olive gray, the throat and craw are black-brown or rufous, the chest and abdomen are white or grayish. Migrant. Inhabits forests from the Urals to Transbaikalia. Nest is built on tree, bush or ground. In clutch there are 4-7 bluish eggs with brown specks. The voice is a sharp scream and the song is like a set of crackling sounds. It differs from the red thrush in its white chest and sides.

336. Fieldfare - Turdus pilaris

336. Fieldfare - Turdus pilaris.


336. Fieldfare - Turdus pilaris

Slightly larger than a starling. The top of the head and upper tail are gray. The back is chestnut, the goiter and breast are buffy, the abdomen is white, on the breast and sides there are large dark triangular streaks.

Wandering bird. Inhabits coniferous and deciduous forests, floodplain plantations from the western borders of the USSR to the Aldan basin. Nest is built on a tree. In clutch there are 4-7 greenish eggs with brown spots. The voice is a loud crackling and popping song.

It differs from other blackbirds in gray uppertail and top of the head.

337. Belobrovik - Turdus iliacus

337. Belobrovik - Turdus iliacus.


337.Belobrovik - Turdus iliacus

Starling-sized. The dorsal side is olive brown, the belly is white, with brown streaks and rusty sides. There is a wide white eyebrow above the eye.

Migrant. Inhabits the forest-tundra and forest zone from the Kola Peninsula to the Vitim plateau. Nest is built on the ground or in bushes. In clutch there are 5-6 bluish-green eggs with red dots. The voice is crackling and a loud song.

It differs from the song thrush in its red sides and light eyebrow.

338. Songbird - Turdus philomelos

338. Songbird - Turdus philomelos.


338. Songbird - Turdus philomelos

The size of a starling. The dorsal side is brownish-gray, the ventral side is white, with numerous dark streaks, an ocher bloom on the goiter.

Migrant. Inhabits coniferous and mixed forests from the western borders of the USSR to Lake Baikal. Nest is built on a tree. Clutch contains 3-5 blue eggs with black spots. The voice is a sharp "ttsii" and a sonorous song.

It differs from the red-browed in light sides.

339. Deryaba - Turdus viscivorus

339. Deryaba - Turdus viscivorus.


339. Deryaba - Turdus viscivorus

Slightly larger than a starling. The top of the body is olive-gray, the bottom is white with large teardrop-shaped black streaks.

Migratory and nomadic bird. Inhabits coniferous forests of the European part of the USSR and Siberia. Nest is built on a tree. In a clutch there are 4-5 bluish-green eggs with dark specks. Voice - crackle and song.

Similar to a songbird, but much larger.

Stone blue thrush

  • Superclass Tetrapoda Class Birds Aves
  • Order Passeriformes - Passeriformes
  • Suborder Singing Passerines - Oscines group Passerida
  • Superfamily Flycatchers - Muscicapoidea
  • Family Flycatchers - Muscicapidae
  • Subfamily Mint - Saxicolinae
  • Genus Stone Thrushes - Monticola (currently assigned to the Chekana subfamily - Saxicolinae in the Flycatcher family - Muscicapidae)

Blue stone thrush - Monticola solitarius - breeds along coastal cliffs and mountain gorges in North-West Africa, in the Mediterranean countries of Southern Europe, in the Caucasus, in Western Asia (except for the Arabian Peninsula), in the northeast of Central Asia, in South Asia (except in Hindustan and Indochina), to the east to the Ussuri region and the Japanese islands. These birds hibernate in North and North-East Africa, Hindustan and Indochina, Sulawesi and the Philippine Islands.

The males are dark gray-steel in color with an admixture of a brilliant cobalt-blue tone, the wings and tail are dark brown with blue-blue edges of the outer webs, the ventral side of the body is slightly lighter than the dorsal. Body length 220 mm, wings 120 mm, weight 45-55 g. The female differs from the male in brown color: her ventral side is whitish-brown with light streaks. Juveniles are similar in color to females, but dimmer. Stone thrushes love stony placers overgrown with bushes. Here, in the cracks of the rocks or among the stones, birds build their nests. The nest of the blue stonebird is an artless massive structure made of moss, roots and stems of herbaceous plants. In May, females lay 4-6 greenish-bluish eggs. In June, the grown chicks leave the nests, but for a long time after leaving the nests, they keep with the adult birds, which feed and train them. In the southern parts of the range, after the chicks fly out of the nest, there is a second clutch.

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