Bird Families

Red-breasted Owl / Glaucidium tephronotum


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Sparrow owls, or sparrow owls , or owls (lat. Glaucidium ) Is a genus of birds of the owl family.

They are characterized by a small body size, short wings and a long tail. The facial disc is poorly developed, there are no “ears”, the eyes are small with a yellow iris, the beak is light. In Latin America, these owls are called "four-eyed" because of the contrasting pattern on the back of the head, similar to open eyes, necessary in order to confuse a predator attacking from behind. The upper part of the body is usually brownish or rusty in color, covered with light markings or darker transverse stripes, the lower one is light, with longitudinal or transverse stripes. There are also contrasting stripes or light spots on the wings and tail. A bird sitting on a perch is characterized by a manner of twitching its tail in a vertical plane. They live in a wide variety of biotopes - from taiga to deserts and tropical forests. They are found on all continents, except Australia, especially many closely related species live in South and Central America, in the tropics of the Old World there are fewer species, but they are more diverse. One species lives in Russia - the passerine owl.

The genus includes 26 species:

  • Glaucidium bolivianum
  • Ginger Owl ( Glaucidium brasilianum )
  • Collared Owl ( Glaucidium brodiei )
  • Cape Sparrow Owl ( Glaucidium capense )
  • Glaucidium castanonotum
  • Glaucidium castanopterum
  • Glaucidium costaricanum
  • Cuckoo Passerine Owl ( Glaucidium cuculoides )
  • Sparrow owl-gnome ( Glaucidium gnoma )
  • Glaucidium griseiceps
  • Glaucidium hardyi
  • Glaucidium jardinii
  • Tiny Sparrow Owl ( Glaucidium minutissimum )
  • Glaucidium mooreorum
  • Glaucidium nana
  • Glaucidium nubicola
  • Glaucidium palmarum
  • Glaucidium parkeri
  • Sparrow Owl ( Glaucidium passerinum )
  • Pearl Owl ( Glaucidium perlatum )
  • Glaucidium peruanum
  • Jungle Passer Owl ( Glaucidium radiatum )
  • Glaucidium sanchezi
  • Cuban Owl ( Glaucidium siju )
  • Chestnut-backed Passerine Owl ( Glaucidium sjostedti )
  • Red-breasted Passerine Owl ( Glaucidium tephronotum )