Bird Families

Yellow-toothed motley pigeon


In the large family of pigeons, there are real giants and miniature species. The latter include the common and ringed turtledove. These are the most common birds in the world: they can be seen in most countries and the characteristic cooing is observed on almost all continents. Many periodically hear the melodic song of these little pigeons, but few know how they look and what kind of life they lead.

The common turtledove is very similar to a dove. Appearance

Ringed and common turtledove are close relatives. But their appearance is different.

The ringed dove is a smaller copy of the rock dove: the weight of an adult bird does not exceed 200 g, the body length is 32 cm, the wing length is 18 cm, the wingspan is 55 cm, the tail is 13 cm long, and the beak is 1.6 cm. The head of the bird is small with a dark short beak, garnet-red eyes outlined with a white ring. The body is compact, the tail is wide, the paws are reddish-brown in color. The dark half-ring on the back of the neck is present only in adult birds.

Plumage throughout the body is gray-beige, on the chest, head and neck with a pink tint, which acquires a more intense color during the mating season. The feathers on the tips of the wings are dark. On the neck of an adult bird there is a black semi-ring, on the tail - a white tip. The male and female have the same plumage, but upon close comparison, it is obvious that the female's color is not so rich, and the males are slightly larger.

Ringed and common turtle doves differ in color. In the ringed one, it is more variegated.

The common turtledove has a more expressive color. Her head is gray-blue, her eyes are red, her back is brown-brown, there is a large black-ocher ornament in the form of scales on her wings and back, there are horizontal black and white stripes on her neck, a gray beak, goiter, chest and upper abdomen pink-gray. The long tail has a white stripe. The legs are brick red. The color of the young is more faded. Stripes on the back of the neck appear only in sexually mature individuals. The length of the bird is 28 cm, of which 11 cm is the tail, weight 200 g.


The homeland of the ringed turtledove is considered to be Western Asia and the Balkan Peninsula. Birds of this species live in Europe, Russia, India, Africa, in the countries of Central and Southeast Asia, separate populations are found in Japan and on the Scandinavian Peninsula. They always settle close to a person: in gardens, squares, parks, residential areas of cities, villages and villages. This species is sedentary. It makes long flights only in the cold season in search of food.

The common turtledove is a migratory bird: it winters in Africa, and constantly lives in Europe, Central Asia, Kazakhstan. Bird watchers cannot explain what caused the rapid expansion of turtledoves around the world over the past 70 years.


Turtle doves, like all wild pigeons, mate for life. The breeding season begins in March-April, but under favorable climatic conditions, birds of this species can lay eggs all year round. At this time, ringed turtle doves break into pairs, and mating begins: the male instantly takes off into the sky, and then just as rapidly begins to descend along a spiral trajectory. During the flight and dance, the "Cavalier" emits characteristic hoarse sounds. Landing near his beloved, he begins a mating dance: cooes, inflates his chest, spreads his tail and flaps his wings. Thus, he demonstrates good physical shape and rich plumage, which speaks of health. If the “bride” accepts courtship, she approaches her partner, and for several hours they brush each other's feathers. After this, mating occurs.

Mating games in turtle doves can last for several hours. After the male dances, the couple starts cleaning each other's feathers.

During the mating season, the male treats the female with his “bird's milk”: the secret of the thymus glands stimulates the mutual interest of the partners. The couple then builds the nest. Favorite nesting place is tree branches and shrubs. But the turtle's nest can also be found on lampposts and electric poles, roof slopes, cornices, balconies, power transmission line poles.

Both birds are involved in the construction of a house for posterity: the male brings twigs, dry grass, plant roots and leaves, and the expectant mother builds a nest. Sometimes birds weave wire into it. Construction takes 2-3 days. Gourdies nest at a height of 2-10 m, the diameter of the nest is 20 cm, and the depth is 7-8 cm. It is flat, gives the impression of a fragile structure, and shines through when you look at it from below. But in fact, the nest of turtledoves turns out to be a durable and reliable structure, in which more than one generation of chicks grows. The couple uses the same "house" for a long time, and it becomes stronger with each clutch, as it is cemented by the droppings of chicks.

Turtle doves can use one nest for several years.

After the construction is completed, the female lays first one, and after 36 - 48 hours a second egg and incubates them for 14 days. Eggs are white, regular oval, egg weight 12 g, size 31x24 mm. During the day, the partner periodically replaces the lady on the masonry and gives her the opportunity to eat and fly. After 2 weeks, the first chick is born, the second hatches 2 days later. Small gourds are covered with light yellow hard down, a blue-gray beak with a yellowish tip, paws are grayish-blue.

The fluff of chicks at birth is light yellow.

For the first week, both parents feed the chicks "bird milk": partially digested food that forms in the goiter and is regurgitated by an adult bird. Then plant seeds appear in the diet. In 20 days after birth, chicks can fly, get food and are ready for independent life. In a year, young birds reach sexual maturity and are ready to start a family.

With a sufficient amount of food, the ringed dove makes another clutch 5 days after the first chicks leave the nest. While the mother is incubating the offspring, the father takes care of the older children and continues to feed the already independent fledglings for a week. A pair of turtle doves makes up to 4 clutches per year, because chicks often become prey for cats, magpies, squirrels and jays. The only way to preserve the population is to breed as many chicks as possible.

Common turtledove nests farther from humans than its relative: in dense grass, tree branches and bushes, choosing dry areas. During the mating dance, the male makes the sound "turr-turr". Courtship for all types of turtle doves is the same. But the time of breeding in the common is limited by the need to fly away for the winter: this species nests from the beginning of May to the end of August. One pair makes two clutches per season.

The hatching and feeding algorithm of the offspring coincides with the ringed one.

Common turtledove chicks are covered with gray-brown down without characteristic black-and-white stripes on the neck, beak and legs are gray-blue. At three weeks of age, little turtle doves leave the parental nest and begin an independent life, uniting in small flocks of 8 - 10 individuals of the same age.

Chicks leave the nest three weeks after birth.


The ringed dove is a non-migratory bird, but in search of food it can travel long distances. For permanent residence, he chooses places close to a person: parks, gardens, residential areas with a large number of trees, places near zoos, farms and granaries. Turtle dove is a bird with a fearless character and for the sake of food it boldly flies into barns, sheds and enclosures with animals. The turtledove puts food in the goiter, filling it, flies away to a calm place and swallows it in parts. Turtle-doves are not afraid of water: they drink it every day and enjoy swimming in the rain.

Birds are distinguished by their "talkativeness": on the ground they communicate with each other with a set of certain sounds, and during the flight they also emit characteristic sounds. During the mating season, the male makes specific sounds "tu-tu-gugguu", chases the female during the mating period with a cry "wah", to intimidate rivals uses the cry "gu, gu". Females are more silent, give voice during fights.

The male chooses the nesting place. He jealously monitors the observance of the boundaries of the nesting territory. If he notices an intruder, he persistently pursues him with loud shouts and fights with him in the air, in trees and on the ground. Turtle doves fight with their wings, peck at each other with force and grab the opponent's wing with their beak.

With a large accumulation of turtle doves, the nests are located at a distance of 5 - 20 m from each other.

To build a nest, he chooses trees with rough bark and many forks. In the absence of a choice, he builds a house on lampposts, advertising signs, cornices, balconies and sloping roofs. Next to the main nest there are 2-3 unfinished ones: their birds are used for night sleep and rest. The male also spawns after the female begins to incubate the clutch. Thus, he makes it clear to the neighbors that this is his territory.

Turtle doves develop new places gradually: at first, 2-3 pairs arrive in the warm season and, if everything suits them, they stay for the winter.

Turtle doves destroy a lot of weed seeds, which is useful for farms.

The dove flies low and quickly, deftly maneuvering and loudly flapping its wings. The bird collects the main part of food on the ground not far from the nest, moves with quick small steps and often turns its head in different directions.

The common turtledove is more fearful and cautious than the ringed turtledove. For life, she prefers gardens and dry, light parts of the forest. Likes to settle in the countryside, forest belt, floodplain forests. The presence of a reservoir not far from the nest is obligatory - the bird often drinks. Coos loudly, constantly repeating the sound of "turr-turr, tour-tour", for which it is called Streptopelia Turtur in English.

The turtledove lives in the forest belt, floodplain forests. Often chooses dry forests, but near a reservoir.

Turtle doves have many enemies: birds of prey hunt adults, cats, squirrels, magpies and jays destroy nests and eat chicks. Turtle-dove hunting is popular in many countries. Moreover, the meat of a small pigeon does not represent gastronomic value, the hunting excitement flares up due to the fact that it is difficult to shoot a small and nimble bird.

The life span of a turtle dove is 14 years, in captivity up to 18 years.

Keeping in captivity

The ringed dove is one of the few birds that voluntarily live in close proximity to humans. She is gullible and easily gets used to new living conditions. Keeping it in a dovecote, aviary or spacious cage is not difficult. With good care, the wild pigeon quickly gets used to the owner and always returns to him, even if he is released to fly.

The food is based on corn, millet, millet, oatmeal. Soaked white bread, greens and carrots are eaten with pleasure. One adult bird eats 2 tablespoons of feed per day. When kept in captivity year-round, the diet must be supplemented with shell rock, crushed eggshells and coarse sand, and in summer with dandelion and plantain leaves. While feeding the chicks, turtledoves eat insects. Small stones are swallowed to facilitate digestion.

Turtle doves need pebbles for digestion.

Turtle doves are distinguished by their peaceful nature and easily get along with other birds. In good conditions, a pair of turtle doves makes 5-6 clutches per year.

Turtle doves are graceful miniature pigeons, which, thanks to their unpretentiousness and vitality, are rapidly spreading around the world. They can be found in the garden of a Turkish hotel, in a Moscow park, in a farm near Samara, on the roof of an old Korean house, or in a port city in Finland. Every year these feathered cosmopolitans are exploring more and more new territories and decorate the landscapes of different countries.

In Portugal, even common pigeons maintain a social distance.


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Squirrel cafe

When I forgot to close the window

The student went home during the quarantine, but forgot to close the window in his Kiev dorm room. He did not know that nature was so purified.

Dove and Squirrel

Gomel, park of the Gomel palace and park ensemble

Dove bleeding heart.

Luzon is a secretive pigeon named after a red patch on the chest that resembles a bleeding wound. Luzon lives on the island of Luzon in the Philippines, as well as two neighboring islands.

Dove with a ring.

A pigeon sat on the ship I work on. On the paws there are rings, on one there is an inscription.

The pigeon was very weak. At first I did not eat sunflower seeds, perhaps not from our country. I broke some seeds for him, he began to eat. In Busan and Fukuoka, the pigeon did not fly away. On the way to Shanghai, he was already vigorous and began to fly. 08/30/18 in Shanghai, flew to the city. I do not know if this information will be useful to the owner of the bird. Maybe someone from the league of bird watchers will tell you the meaning of the code on the ring.

Long-billed variegated pigeon

The long-billed variegated pigeon is a species of birds of the pigeon family. The specific Latin name is given in honor of the English zoologist Frederick Hutton.

It is endemic to French Polynesia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical humid lowland forests. This species is threatened by habitat loss.

1. Description

The long-billed variegated pigeon reaches a length of 31 cm. It has mainly green plumage, especially on the wings. The pale blue-green plumage is found on the foreparts, shaded green above the body. The tip of the tail is yellowish-white, not sharply demarcated by the pink crown, face and throat, and a dark pink undertail. The belly is yellow and the edges of the wing feathers with a pink-purple stripe below the feathers of the chest. The beak is yellow. Eyes are reddish brown.

2. Dissemination

This species is endemic to the small island of Rapa, which belongs to the Tubuai archipelago in French Polynesia. It is assumed to depend on pristine woodlands up to 450 m above sea level and avoids coastal vegetation or secondary forest. The population of the species is estimated at about 270 - 274 individuals, and about 180 of them are sexually mature.

3. Conservation

Deforestation due to goats, cattle, wildfires used to clear forest in livestock pastures, and deforestation are major threats to the rare pigeon. The predation of feral cats and the Polynesian rat is also a threat to this species.

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The history of the systematization of pigeon breeds. There are both monochromatic and variegated individuals. Berlin Long-billed Tumbler. Pigeon breeds: domestic, decorative, sports, etc. Uzbek pigeons are proud, stately, strong and resilient. Long-billed, medium-billed and short-billed. They are also variegated: when colored feathers are found on a white background, yellow, red, sizaye. Personal site. First, variegated pigeons were obtained from black and white chubaty. Then from these North Caucasian long-billed cosmach the origin of the breed.

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