Bird Families

White-tailed Clouded Kite / Elanus leucurus

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  • Smoky kites (lat.Elanus) are a genus of birds of prey from the subfamily of smoky kites (Elaninae) of the hawk family (Accipitridae).

Includes 4 types:

Elanus axillaris - Black-shouldered smoky kite

Elanus caeruleus - Black-winged smoky kite

Elanus leucurus - White-tailed smoky kite

Elanus scriptus - Birch-winged smoky kiteSmoky kites are birds of open spaces. The color is dominated by gray and white, on the wings - black markings. The tail is short and straight. They hunt by slowly flying around the area in search of rodents and other small mammals, birds and insects, sometimes hovering in place like a kestrel.

List of Birds of Mexico Part 3 From American Vultures to Gulls

Due to the large number of bird species and photographs, I have split the entire list into several parts:
Part 1 Introduction and travel itinerary is presented here.
Part 2 From Tinamu to Snake Neck is presented here.
Part 4 From Doves to Hummingbirds is presented here.
Part 5 From Trogons to Parrots is presented here.
Part 6 From Stoppers to Tyrants is presented here.
Part 7 From Manakins to Mockingbirds is presented here.
Part 8 From Thrushes to Arbirds is presented here.
Part 9 From Corpses to Cardinals is presented here.
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41 (795) Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura aura)

We met everywhere.
On February 24, I took a photo by the Usumasinta River near Yaxchilan (Chiapas).
On February 25, birds were photographed in the hills near Comitan de Dominguez, Chiapas.
On February 26, birds flew over a cliff near the ruins of Tenam Puente (Chiapas).
On February 28, they flew over the Sumidero Canyon (Canon del Sumidero National Park, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas).


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42 (796) Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture, Cathartes burrovianus burrovianus)

On February 18, 19, we sometimes met at Parque Natural Ria Lagartos (Ria Lagartos, Yucatan).


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43 Black Vulture Coragyps atratus)

Synonym: Griffin Uruubu, Urubu, American Black Catarta.

On February 18-19, we met regularly at Parque Natural Ria Lagartos (Ria Lagartos, Yucatan).
On February 24, we met along the banks of the Usumasinta River on the way to Yaxchilan (Chiapas) and in Yashchilan itself.
On February 28, they flew over the Sumidero Canyon (Canon del Sumidero National Park, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas).
On March 1 we met near Arista (Arista, Chiapas)
On March 3, we met in Huatulco (National Park Huatulco, Oaxaca).


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44 (797) King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa)

On February 24, one bird in a company with a Urubu on the banks of the Usumasinta river after Yaxchilan, Chiapas.


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45 Osprey Pandion haliaetus)

On 19 February, several birds take a boat trip to Rio Lagartos (Parque Natural Ria Lagartos, Ria Lagartos, Yucatan).


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46 (798) White-tailed Kite, Elanus leucurus majusculus

Synonym: White-tailed smoky kite.

On February 21, we met two birds near the reservoir on the way to Xpujil, Campeche. One of them carried a rodent in its paws.
On March 5, we met among the fields in the mountains of the South Sierra Madre (Sierra Madre del Sur, Oaxaca).


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47 Hook-billed Kite, Chondrohierax uncinatus uncinatus)

On March 8, one bird hovered above us (Atlantic slope of the Eastern Sierra Madre, Tuxtepec, Oaxaca).


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Swallow-tailed Kite, Elanoides forficatus)

On 24 February, seen in flight in Yaxchilan (Chiapas). Without photo.
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48 Black Crested Eagle (Black Hawk-Eagle, Spizaetus tyrannus serus)

On February 23, early in the morning, the bird flew into Palenque (Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque, Chiapas).


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49 (799) Ornate Hawk-Eagle, Spizaetus ornatus vicarius)

On February 22, a couple of birds were observed near a nest near a reservoir near Calakmul (Calakmul Biosphere Reserve).


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Double-toothed Kite, Harpagus bidentatus)

Seen in Palenque (Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque, Chiapas) on 23 February. I did not see.
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Striped Hawk (Sharp-shinned Hawk, Accipiter striatus)

On February 21, we saw one bird on the perch while stopping our car for a police search on the way to Xpujil, Campeche. Without photo.
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Cooper's Hawk Accipiter cooperii)

On February 26, we met near Tenam Puente (Chiapas). I don't remember this meeting.
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50 (800) Hudson Harrier (Northern Harrier, Circus hudsonius)

Resplit Northern Harriers of NA hudsonius from those of Eurasia C. cyaneus to previous status as separate species (Simmons 2000 (Harriers), Ferguson-Lees & Christie 2001, Rasmussen & Anderton 2005, Smith et al 2011, Dobson & Clarke 2011).

On March 5, we met among the fields in the mountains of the South Sierra Madre (Sierra Madre del Sur, Oaxaca).
On 6 March, one bird in flight near Monte Alban, Oaxaca.


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Slime Eater (Snail Kite, Rostrhamus sociabilis major)

Synonym: Social Slime Vulture.

On February 22, at sunset, one bird perched and dined near the ponds of a fish farm on the banks of the Usumacinta River near Emiliano Zapata (Tabasco). It was far away and dark, the photos were unsuccessful.
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51 (801) Common Black-Hawk, Buteogallus anthracinus)

Synonym: Black Crab Buzzard.

On 19 February, several birds take a boat trip to Rio Lagartos (Parque Natural Ria Lagartos, Ria Lagartos, Yucatan). One bird took fish from the water, which was thrown by the boatman. Frigates, which were clearly larger and stronger than the buzzard, successfully competed with her.
On 21 February, one bird flew near a body of water on the road to Xpujil, Campeche.


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52 Roadside Hawk, Rupornis magnirostris griseocauda)

Synonym: Buteo magnirostris griseocauda.

Often seen in trees along the road.
On March 1, one bird on a tree near Arista (Arista, Chiapas).
Seen on a tree in Huatulco (National Park Huatulco, Oaxaca) on 3 March.


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53 (802) White-tailed Hawk Geranoaetus albicaudatus hypospodius)

Synonym: Buteo albicaudatus hypospodius.

Expand Geranoaetus to include Buteo polyosoma and B. albicaudatus (SACC 460).

On February 19, we met a pair of birds (mating) while stopping on the way to Parque Natural Ria Lagartos, one young bird was in the park itself (Yucatan).


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54 (803) White Hawk, Pseudastur albicollis ghiesbreghti)

Synonyms: Northern White Hawk, Leucopternis albicollis.

On February 24, one bird was observed in Yaxchilan (Chiapas).


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55 (804) Gray Hawk, Buteo plagiatus)

Synonyms: Asturina plagiata, Buteo nitidus plagiatus, Asturina nitida plagiata, Mexican Goshawk.

The Russian name used to refer to the split species Buteo nitidus... I suppose. that, by analogy with the English name, the Gray Buzzard will remain for Buteo plagiatus.

Seen on a tree in Huatulco (Oaxaca) on 3 March.
On March 4, we met a young bird in the mountains of the South Sierra Madre (Sierra Madre del Sur, Oaxaca).
8 March, one bird in flight (Atlantic slope of the Eastern Sierra Madre, Tuxtepec, Oaxaca).


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Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus)

On 27 February, one bird was seen en route to El Ocote (Selva El Ocote, Chiapas). Without photo.
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56 (805) Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus fuliginosus)

On February 25, one bird in flight in the Montebello pine forest (Lagunas de Montebello National Park, Chiapas).


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57 (806) Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus)

On February 19, one in flight near the path next to Parque Natural Ria Lagartos (Ria Lagartos, Yucatan).


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58 (807) Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis)

Synonym: Red-tailed hawk.

2 March in flight near the river near the Canal Principal (Oaxaca).
On March 5, we met among the fields in the mountains of the South Sierra Madre (Sierra Madre del Sur, Oaxaca).


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Ruddy Crake, Laterallus ruber)

Synonym: Ruby ring.

On the morning of 23 February, we listened to the cries of a bird very close to the trail in Palenque (Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque, Chiapas). However, the shepherdess did not appear from the grass.
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Carolina Chase (Sora, Porzana carolina)

On February 19, a short meeting during a boat trip in the Parque Natural Ria Lagartos (Ria Lagartos, Yucatan).
On March 9, they were seen at the ponds in the Mexico City Ecopark (Parque Ecologico Xochimilco, Mexico D.F.)
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59 (808) American moorhen (Common Gallinule, Gallinula galeata cachinnans)

Synonym: Gallinula chloropus cachinnans.

On March 9, they met on ponds in the Mexico City Ecopark (Parque Ecologico Xochimilco, Mexico D.F.).


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60 (809) American Coot (American Coot, Fulica americana)

On 1 March there are many coots on the river bank (Oaxaca).
1 March several birds on a lake near La Ventoza (La Ventoza, Juchitan de Zaragoza, Oaxaca).
Several birds at Presa Piedra Azul reservoir (Oaxaca) on 5 March.


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61 (810) Herding Crane (Limpkin, Aramus guarauna dolosus)

On February 22, several birds by the ponds of a fish farm on the banks of the Usumacinta River near Emiliano Zapata (Tabasco)


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62 (811) American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus)

On 19 February, one bird on a sandbank at Parque Natural Ria Lagartos (Ria Lagartos, Yucatan).


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63 (812) American Stilt (Black-necked Stilt, Himantopus mexicanus)

On 1 March, many birds in the shallow lagoon near Arista (Chiapas).
1 March several birds on a lake near La Ventoza (La Ventoza, Juchitan de Zaragoza, Oaxaca).


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64 (813) American Avocet, Recurvirostra americana)

On 1 March, many birds in the shallow lagoon near Arista (Chiapas).


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65 Tules (Gray Plover, Pluvialis squatarola)

Synonym: Black-bellied Plover.

On 1 March, many birds in the shallow lagoon near Arista (Chiapas).


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66 (814) Killdeer Charadrius vociferus)

On 19 February, several birds in flight at the pier at Parque Natural Ria Lagartos (Ria Lagartos, Yucatan).
On February 24, we met in the morning along the banks of the Usumasinta River on the way to Yaxchilan, Chiapas.
On March 9, they were seen at the ponds in the Mexico City Ecopark (Parque Ecologico Xochimilco, Mexico D.F.)


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67 (815) Northern Jacana, Jacana spinosa gymnostoma)

Synonym: Mexican Jacana

On 21 February, observed on floating leaves in a swamp en route to Xpujil, Campeche.


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68 (816) Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus)

On February 19, a group of birds (25 tails) rested on a sandbank in Parque Natural Ria Lagartos (Ria Lagartos, Yucatan)


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69 (817) Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa)

1 March a group of waders in the shallow water of the lagoon near Arista (Arista, Chiapas).


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70 Medium Curlew (Whimbrel, Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus)

Synonym: Hudson Curlew.

Some taxonomists distinguish subspecies from the American continent into a separate species, American Whimbrel.

On March 1, seen in a clearing on the outskirts of the village near Arista (Arista, Chiapas).


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71 (818) Lesser Yellowlegs, Tringa flavipes)

On February 24, we met in the morning along the banks of the Usumasinta River on the way to Yaxchilan, Chiapas.
On 1 March there are many snails in the shallow waters of the lagoon near Arista (Chiapas).


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72 (819) Web-toed snail (Willet, Tringa semipalmata inornata)

Synonym: Catoptrophorus semipalmatus inornatus.

On 19 February, birds were seen flying at Parque Natural Ria Lagartos (Ria Lagartos, Yucatan).
On 1 March, snails were seen in the shallow waters of the lagoon near Arista (Chiapas).


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73 (820) Spotted Sandpiper, Actitis macularius)

Synonym: Tringa macularia, Actitis macularia.

On February 24, they met along the banks of the Usumasinta River near Yaxchilan (Chiapas).
1 March met in shallow lagoon near Arista (Arista, Chiapas).


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74 Ruddy Turnstone ( Arenaria interpres morinella)

19 February several birds at the pier in Rio Lagartos (Parque Natural Ria Lagartos, Ria Lagartos, Yucatan)


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75 (821) Gerbil (Sanderling, Calidris alba)

On 19 February, a flock of birds on a sandbank at Parque Natural Ria Lagartos (Ria Lagartos, Yucatan).


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Small Sandpiper (Semipalmated Sandpiper, Calidris pusilla)

Synonym: Beringian Sandpiper.

Sighted on 1 March in shallow lagoon near Arista (Chiapas).
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76 (822) Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri)

On 19 February, a flock (about 10 birds) was feeding in a drying puddle near Parque Natural Ria Lagartos (Ria Lagartos, Yucatan).


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77 (823) Least Sandpiper, Calidris minutilla)

On 19 February, a large group of birds flew by our boat and landed on a sandbank at Parque Natural Ria Lagartos (Ria Lagartos, Yucatan)
On February 24, one bird on the banks of the Usumasinta River near Yaxchilan (Chiapas).


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78 (824) Stilt Sandpiper, Calidris himantopus)

Synonym: Micropalama himantopus.

On 19 February, one bird was in a group of short-billed American snipe-fowls (pictured right) on a sandbank in Parque Natural Ria Lagartos (Ria Lagartos, Yucatan).


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79 (825) Black Skimmer, Rynchops niger)

On the evening of 19 February, a flock of several dozen birds was observed on a mangrove path in Ria Lagartos (Yucatan).


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80 (826) Aztec gull (Laughing Gull, Leucophaeus atricilla)

Synonyms: Atlantic Gull, Laughing Gull, Larus atricilla.

On 19 February, many birds at the pier in Rio Lagartos (Parque Natural Ria Lagartos, Ria Lagartos, Yucatan).
Seagulls were seen on 1 March in the shallow waters of the lagoon near Arista (Chiapas).


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81 (827) Ring-billed Gull, Larus delawarensis

Synonym: Ring-billed gull.

19 February in the evening we met one juvenile seagull next to the mangrove path in Ria Lagartos (Yucatan).


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82 (828) Lesser Black-backed Gull, Larus fuscus graellsii)

On 19 February, met two birds (one Imm) on a mangrove sandbank during a boat trip to Ria Lagartos, Yucatan.


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83 Gull-billed Tern, Gelochelidon nilotica aranea)

On 19 February, met on the shallows during a boat trip in the Parque Natural Ria Lagartos (Ria Lagartos, Yucatan), some birds in the evening at the pier in Ria Lagartos.


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84 Cegrava (Caspian Tern, Hydroprogne caspia)

On 19 February, a dozen birds on the shallows during a boat trip in the Parque Natural Ria Lagartos (Ria Lagartos, Yucatan), some birds in the evening at the pier in Ria Lagartos.


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85 (829) Royal Tern (Royal Tern, Thalasseus maximus maximus)

Synonym: Sterna maxima.

On 19 February we met at the pier in Ria Lagartos and on the shoals during a boat trip in the Parque Natural Ria Lagartos (Ria Lagartos, Yucatan).


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86 (830) Cabot's Tern, Thalasseus acuflavidus acuflavidus)

Synonym: Thalasseus sandvicensis acuflavidus, Sterna sandvicensis acuflavida.

On 19 February, several birds at the pier in Rio Lagartos (Parque Natural Ria Lagartos, Ria Lagartos, Yucatan).


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87 (831) Forster's Tern, Sterna forsteri)

On 19 February, met on the shallows during a boat trip in the Parque Natural Ria Lagartos (Ria Lagartos, Yucatan), several birds in the evening at the pier in Ria Lagartos.
In the photo - the far left bird.


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Text of the scientific work on the topic "Smoky kite Elanus caeruleus - a new species in the fauna of Russia"

Russian Ornithological Journal 2000, Express issue 102: 20-21

Smoky kite Elanus caeruleus is a new species in the fauna of Russia

Educational and exhibition complex of the Irkutsk Regional Council of VOOP, Ryabikova Blvd., Za-11, Irkutsk, 664043, Russia

Received April 18, 2000

The smoky, or black-winged, kite Elanus caeruleus inhabits Africa, southwestern Europe and South Asia. Within the former USSR, it was recorded only once in the Amu Darya valley near the city of Termez (Stepanyan 1990).

On May 26-28, 1999 in the area of ​​Orsk customs, Orenburg region, on the border with Kazakhstan, I was lucky to meet several smoky kites. Birds were observed in flight or sitting on wires in forest belts along the road from customs to the entrance to Orsk. The area is located in the steppe zone, but in the vast valley of the river. In the Urals, along the railways and highways, there are forest plantations, mainly of deciduous trees and shrubs, which are adjacent to areas of steppes, valley meadows and wetland complexes. The number of smoky kites encountered was quite large, accounting for up to 20% of the number of common kestrels Falco tinnunculus. Field manuals were used for the determination (Heinzel et al. 1988, Flint et al. 1989, Czarnecki et al. 1991). The combination of characteristic color, size and behavior did not leave the possibility of error in the definition. Kites often sat on wires, which is not typical for other falconifers.

Unfortunately, it was not possible to carry out further observations and find out the nature of the stay of smoky kites in this area. But the very fact of their appearance at least 2 thousand km north of the known border of the nesting part of the range is interesting.

The smoky kite, one of the most common birds of prey in the world, roams depending on trophic conditions. It is characterized by a high ability to colonize marginal or temporary habitats and long-distance movements outside the nesting period (Kemp 1994).

It is most likely that the individuals encountered belonged to the Asiatic subspecies E. c. vociferus (Latham, 1790), which spread north to the foothills of the Hindu Kush in Afghanistan (Stepanyan 1990).

Stepanyan JI.C. 1990. Summary of the ornithological fauna of the USSR. M .: 1-728. Czarnecki C, Dobrowolski K, Jablonski B, Nowak E 1991. Ptaki Europy. Warszawa: 1-228.

Flint V., Boehme R., Kostin Y., Kuznetsov A. 1989. A Field Guide to Birds of the

USSR. New Jersey: 1-354. Heinzel H., Fitter R., Parslow J. 1988. Pareys Vógelbüch: Alie Vógel Europas,

Nordafrikas und des Mittleren Ostens. Hamburg, Berlín: 1-334. Kemp A.S. 1994. Common Black-shouldered Kite // Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 2. New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Barcelona: 115.

Russian Ornithological Journal 2000, Express issue 102: 21-22

First nesting finds of the gray flycatcher Muscícapa striata in Kalmykia

Department of Zoology and General Ecology, Kalmyk State University, st. Pushkin, 11, Elista, 358000, Republic of Kalmykia, Russia

Received April 20, 2000

In Kalmykia, the gray flycatcher Muscícapa striata is common on migration, meeting in forest stands, gardens and parks. Spring migration begins in early May and usually ends by the end of May. In some years, the first individuals are recorded in the third decade of April (the earliest sighting is on April 24), single individuals are found until mid-late June. Autumn migration takes place in August-September. Based on the sightings of the gray flycatcher in late spring and summer, A.I. Kukish (1982) assumed the possibility of its nesting in the region, but until very recently this assumption was not confirmed.

On July 19, 1998, in the Central Park of the city of Elista, near the Palace of Children's Creativity, we found a pair of gray flycatchers feeding 4 juveniles at the age of about 2 weeks. Nearby, they found their nest, built on a white acacia at a height of 2.5 m in a half-hollow at the base of a thick broken branch. The nest contained a scrambled egg (19.2x14.3 mm, kept in the collection of the Department of Zoology and General Ecology, Kalmyk University). According to schoolchildren who discovered this nest on June 16, all 4 chicks were still in the nest that day. According to calculations, laying began at the end of the second or beginning of the third decade of May. Observations of the brood continued until July 10. All this time, the fledglings remained in the nest area, moving over an area of ​​about 1 hectare. In recent days, at the age of 30-35 days, young flycatchers fed mainly on their own, although from time to time they begged for food from their parents.

Next time we visited the park on August 6th. There were no more flycatchers in the controlled area, but another brood of 3 juveniles, accompanied by both parents, was encountered 100 m away from it. Judging by

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